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Treatment of the cold and flu


You suddenly feel miserable, you are tired and feel cold. A shiver runs down your spine and you have a high fever. Add to that a sore throat, a cold, muscle pain and a headache and you have the perfect recipe for a bad flu.

In this cold and flu special, you will learn everything about the cold and flu: symptoms, treatment and tips from A. Vogel.

The cold and flu

The cold and flu are both caused by viruses. At the beginning, the symptoms are similar.

A cold is characterized by:

  • a runny nose or even a blocked nose
  • a sore throat
  • watery eyes
  • a headache
  • sneezing

With a cold you might feel like you have a 'touch of the flu', but the symptoms usually disappear after a couple of days. However, if you do have the flu, then you can recognize it by:

  • a high fever which can rise to 39 °C (102.2 °F) or higher within 12 hours
  • cold shivers
  • a throbbing headache
  • a sore throat
  • muscle pain over the whole body
  • nasal catarrh
  • a dry cough
  • less appetite
  • tiredness and feeling generally weak

Most complaints disappear after a week. You can still feel tired for days or even weeks. The cough may also persist for a few more weeks. More about flu symptoms and flu duration.


Coughing is really a perfect clearing up system for the airways. Normally, countless vibrating hairs (cilia) in the upper airways remove mucus and 'intruders' such as dust particles to the pharynx. If something enters the windpipe (such as a bit of food) or if too much mucus is produced, a coughing reflex will be induced. Read everything about coughing here.

Frontal sinus inflammation and sinusitis

With a frontal sinus inflammation, the cavities in the forehead and around the nose (sinuses) become inflamed and swollen.

Symptoms of a frontal sinus inflammation are:

  • yellow/green secretion (snot) from the nose, sometimes with some traces of blood
  • sneezing
  • taste and smell sensations disappear
  • strong, throbbing headache above or behind the eyes
  • a feeling of tightness or a full feeling in the head, especially when bending forwards
  • pain when chewing or toothache
  • sometimes a fever

Read more about sinus infection and its symptoms.

Throat infection

With a throat infection, the throat is not only irritated, but the mucus membranes are also red and swollen. Inflamed. Swallowing also hurts and the voice is hoarse. A throat infection may also be accompanied by a fever. Read more about a sore throat here.


The human body temperature normally varies between 36.5°C and 37.5°C. In most adults, an oral temperature above 38°C or a rectal or ear temperature above 38.3°C is considered a fever. A child has a fever when his or her rectal temperature is 38°C or higher. Read everything about fever here.

Increase your resistance

A flu and a cold, but also symptoms such as a cough and a sore throat, are a result of reduced resistance. So it is important to ensure a good resistance and a healthy lifestyle.

How do you do that? Read that here

What do you think?

Have you found what you read useful? If so, I would love if you would leave your comment below. Thanks! Krista your A.Vogel Flu Coach

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