This is the prostate problem that is often in the news. Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer found in men and accounts for up to 24% new cases of cancer in Canada. The problem occurs more frequently in men over 70 years of age and those of African or Afro-Caribbean descent.
Prostate cancer often does not give rise to symptoms and when it does, these can appear identical to symptoms of prostate enlargement which is also more commonly seen in the older man.
It is because of this that, if you are experiencing bladder symptoms and think that you have an enlarged prostate, you must get the diagnosis confirmed by your doctor who will also perform tests to exclude prostate cancer:
- An examination of the prostate through the back passage will allow the doctor to look for any suspicious lumps and bumps on the prostate
- A blood test to measure the levels of PSA (Prostate Specific Antigen) in the blood can be used to determine the likelihood of prostate cancer.
If these tests are inconclusive, your doctor may refer you to an urologist at your local hospital for specialist opinion and further tests.
Prostate cancer, especially if detected early enough, can be cured using modern cancer therapies. This is the reason that it is part and parcel of screening tests and examinations.