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The thyroid gland
is a small, butterfly-shaped gland found in the throat.

Our A.Vogel Thyroid support extra pages offer information and answers
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    Our experts answer your questions on thyroid problems.  read more

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    What are the symptoms that differentiate both conditions? read more

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The thyroid gland

The thyroid gland is a small, butterfly-shaped gland found in the throat.

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The thyroid gland produces thyroid hormone, the main regulator of the body's metabolism. When the thyroid gland doesn't function properly, it can affect all aspects of physical, mental and emotional well-being. Thyroid disorders can occur more often in women than in men. Weight gain , nervousness , fatigue, memory problems ... These signs can reveal to you a problem of hyper or hypothyroidism. What are the symptoms of thyroid disorders? When to worry ?

The thyroid gland

The thyroid is a vitally important hormonal gland that regulates metabolism and growth in the body. It helps regulate the functions of the nervous system , affects the cardiovascular system, facilitates the absorption of calcium by the bones and increases the activity of the adrenal glands. It also plays a very important role in stress management .

Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) is a condition in which your thyroid gland produces too much of the hormone thyroxine.

While stress is an important factor in hyperthyroidism, it’s not the only one: the autoimmune system can also come into play by producing antibodies that work against the thyroid. Slow-onset food allergies can also contribute to hyperthyroidism. 

Graves’ Disease is an autoimmune condition of the thyroid gland, resulting in an over production of thyroxine. The cause of the problem is the production of abnormal antibodies by the Immune system. These antibodies act in a similar way to TSH (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone), mimicking its function and causing the gland to produce excessive amounts of thyroxine.

Hypothyroidism

The condition of an underactive thyroid gland is far more commonly encountered than an overactive thyroid. Hypothyroidism is more commonly seen in women, particularly after the age of 50.
There are several causes of hypothyroidism including:

  • Hormonal changes during menopause and pregnancy.
  • Lack of iodine in nutrition, especially if living far from the oceans.
  • Vitamin- and mineral-deficient diet
  • Lack of exercise, as physical activity stimulates metabolism and hence, the thyroid

Goitre

A Goitre is defined simply as a swelling in the thyroid gland. There are many causes of Goitre. It may be associated with Hyperthyroidism, Hypothyroidism and in some cases, a normal thyroid function

Hypothyroidism

The condition of an underactive thyroid gland is far more commonly encountered than an overactive thyroid. Hypothyroidism is more commonly seen in women, particularly after the age of 50. There are many causes of hypothyroidism including 

  • Hormonal changes during menopause and pregnancy.
  • Lack of iodine in nutrition, especially if living far from the oceans.
  • Vitamin- and mineral-deficient diet
  • Lack of exercise, as physical activity stimulates metabolism and hence, the thyroid

What do you think?

Have you found what you read useful? If so, I would love if you would leave your comment below. Thanks Sonia Chartier

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