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A Goitre is defined simply as a swelling in the thyroid gland.

There are many causes of Goitre. It may be associated with Hyperthyroidism, Hypothyroidism and in some cases, a normal thyroid function.

More specific causes of Goitre include

  • Iodine deficiency, which was very common 100 to 200 years ago.
  • Genetic abnormalities.
  • A thyroid tumour.
  • A malignant tumour, putting pressure on the gland, reducing its function and causing Hypothyroidism. This subsequently gives rise to a compensatory swelling of the thyroid tissue as the gland fights to maintain the level of thyroxine within normal limits.

What do you think?

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